Business And Finance

The story of a French nationwide icon

1163-1345

Notre-Dame de Paris constructed on the Ile de la Cité in central Paris, on the location of a Gallo-Roman metropolis often known as Lutetia. The constructing measures 127m by 48m and the primary nave is 43m excessive

1789

French Revolution begins, after which the church is used as a warehouse and falls into neglect

1791

Most of its bells taken down and melted to make cannon balls

1793

28 statues of Judaean kings beheaded by a mob. In 1977 some 21 of the heads are discovered throughout excavation work in Paris and despatched to the Musée de Cluny

1804

Napoleon Bonaparte returns the constructing to spiritual use and crowns himself emperor of France there

Napoleon crowns himself emperor in Notre-Dame, 1804, in a portray by Jacques-Louis David © Common Historical past Archive/Getty

1831

Victor Hugo’s masterpiece, The Hunchback of Notre-Dame, brings the church again to public consideration and sparks a marketing campaign to protect it

Quasimodo clings to a bell, in a drawing by Lemud from The Hunchback of Notre-Dame, by Victor Hugo, with Charles Laughton, proper, who performed the character in 1939 © Getty/Alamy

1844

Huge restoration mission begins, led by architect Jean-Baptiste Lassus and Eugène-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc

1905

Cathedral turns into property of the French state. It’s categorized as a French Historic Monument, and the tradition ministry is liable for upkeep and renovation

1909

Pope Pius X beatifies Joan d’Arc within the cathedral

August 1944

Particular mass held within the cathedral to rejoice the liberation of Paris from the Germans. Normal Charles De Gaulle and Normal Philippe Leclerc attend the ceremony.

1991

Notre-Dame added to the Unesco World Heritage Listing

2012

A year-long celebration of the 850th anniversary of the laying of the primary constructing block for the cathedral

Details about Notre-Dame

One of many earliest buildings constructed with exterior flying buttresses, required to assist exceptionally tall partitions punctured by giant home windows. The fashion turned a attribute Gothic design

A person watches because the cathedral burns, with the Gothic flying buttresses seen on the again © AFP

‘Level zero’, from the place all distances to and from Paris are measured, is marked by a plate straight in entrance of Notre-Dame

Some 12m go to the cathedral yearly, making it the preferred vacationer attraction throughout the Paris metropolis limits

Treasures at Notre-Dame embody the Crown of Thorns stated to have been worn by Christ and a chunk of the cross and a nail stated to be from his crucifixion


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